The main part of an essay

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The number of pages in the finished essay usually does not exceed 3-4 pages, so the main part is the most important element of the work. It reflects the personal opinion of the author to the problem under discussion.

The structure of the main part consists of theses and arguments. First, the author of the essay offers the reader a thesis, that is, a briefly formulated specific thought. Then comes the argument. He can prove that the given thought is true, if the author agrees with the thesis, or that the thought is erroneous, in the case of the author’s objection. Arguments should concisely demonstrate how the author came to this or that judgment, they can be based on personal experience, on the experience of other people, on historical events and facts. If you wish, you can add an intermediate conclusion after each pair of “thesis – arguments” to make it easier for the reader to trace the chain of your thoughts.

Example:

Thesis – the computer has replaced the book. Arguments – I agree with these words, because in my home library there are only a few books, and with the help of the Internet I find almost any book at any time. Now there is no need to go to the library to take an old torn book or spend a lot of money to buy a new one. In specialized stores, prices for books are too high, and in most cases on the Internet you can download a book for free. So books became more accessible.

Intermediate conclusion: technical progress makes people’s lives easier.

Thesis – scientific progress should not be ahead of the cultural and moral development of man. Argument – this is an example from life, confirming this thought. Once, residents of developed countries decided to help an African tribe living near the equator. Young Africans were trained to grow rice, presented them with tractors and tools for sowing. After a year, the benefactors returned to see how life had changed for the tribe who had gained knowledge and technique. They were disappointed when they found out that Africans still live according to old customs: they sold the equipment to farmers, and with the money they received was a holiday for the coins they received.

Intermediate conclusion: a person needs to grow to the awareness of his needs, it is impossible to change a person against his will.

Alternate theses and arguments in the main part can be an unlimited number of times – as many as the author will need to substantiate the reader’s point of view.